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Shall I Compare Thee To A Summer's Day?

William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare captures forever the beauty of a young person in his sonnet no. 18. The poet believes that this beauty, so inscribed in poetry, becomes a thing forever.

Poet's Life And Works

Shakespeare was born and brought up in Stratford-upon-Avon. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part owner of a theatrical group . He produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613. His early plays were mainly comedies and histories. He rose to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the end of the 16th century. He then wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, King Lear, Othello, and Macbeth, which are considered some of the finest works in the English language. In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances, and collaborated with other playwrights. He was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the 19th century. The Romantics, in particular, acclaimed Shakespeare’s genius, and the Victorians worshipped Shakespeare with a reverence that George Bernard Shaw called” bardolatry”. In 20th century , his works were repeatedly adopted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance. His plays remain highly popular even today and are constantly studied, performed, and reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the world. He appeared to have retired to Stratford around 1613 at age 49, where he died three years later.

Introduction of the Poem

"Shall I Compare Thee To a Summer's Day?" is sonnet 18 in Shakespeare's sequence of 154 sonnets. His form of the sonnet, 14 lines of iambic pentameter ending in a rhymed couplet, is known as the Shakespearean sonnet. It has 3 quatrains followed by a couplet and follows the characteristic rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg. Some of the themes that he explores in his sonnets are the ravages of time, the brevity of life and beauty, love, and the timelessness of poetry that can capture beauty and love.

Substance of the Poem

Central idea of the Poem

Estimate of the Poem

Word Notes of the poem

Temperate- মার্জিত
Rough- কর্কশ
Darling- প্রিয়
Lease- মেয়াদ
Heaven- আকাশ
Complexion- গায়ের রঙ
Dimmed- নিষ্প্রভ
Declines- হ্রাস
Course- প্রবাহে
Untrimmed- নিরবিচ্ছিন্ন
Eternal- শাশ্বত
Fade- ম্লান হওয়া
Ow’st- অধিকারে আসা
Brag- বড়াই করা
Wond’rest- ধির পায়ে হেঁটে বেড়ানো
Shade- ছায়া

Bengali meaning of the Poem

Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
আমি কি তোমাকে তুলনা করব কোনও গ্রীষ্মের দিনের সা থে ?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate.
আর ও রমণীয় তুমি আর পরিমিত আর ও
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
রুক্ষ বাতাস মে মাসের চমৎকার কুঁড়িদের নাড়ায়,
And summer’s lease hath all too short a date,
আর গ্রীষ্মের স্থিতিকালের আছে খুবই অল্প দিনের মেয়াদ।
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
আকাশের চোখ মাঝেমাঝে দারুন তপ্ত দীপ্তি ছড়ায়,
And often is his gold complexion dimmed;
আর প্রায়শই তার সোনালী আভা নিস্প্রভ হয়;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
আর প্রত্যেক সুন্দর থেকে সৌন্দর্য কখন ও না কখন ও নিঃশেষিত হয়
By chance, or nature’s changing course untrimmed.
দৈবাৎ , অথবা প্রকৃতির পরিবর্তনশীল প্রবাহের নিরবিছিন্নতায়।
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
কিন্তু তোমার চিরন্তন গ্রীষ্ম কখন ও ফুরাবে না
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st
না হারাবে সেই সৌন্দর্যের অধিকার যা তোমার ;
Nor shall death brag thou wand’rest in his shade,
মৃত্যু তোমাকে নিয়ে গর্ব করবে না তার ছায়ায় ঘুরে বেড়াবে যখন
When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st
কালের প্রবাহে শাশ্বত লাইনগুলির মাঝে তুমি বিকশিত হবে,
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see
যতদিন মানুস নিঃশ্বাস নিতে পারবে কিংবা চোখ দেখতে পারবে,
So long lives this , and this gives life to thee.
ততদিন এই কবিতা থাকবে, আর এই কবিতা বাঁচিয়ে রাখবে তোমাকে।

Short Question and Answer

M.C.Q of the Poem

Long Question And Answer