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Strong Roots

APJ Abdul Kalam

Poet's Life And Works

Introduction of the Prose

Substance of the Prose

Central idea of the Prose

Estimate of the Prose

Word Notes and Annotation

Bengali meaning of the Prose

I was born into a middle class Tamil family in the island town of Rameswaram in the erstwhile Madras state আমি জন্মে ছিলাম পূর্বতন মাদ্রাজ রাজ্যের অন্তর্গত দ্বীপ শহর রামেশ্বরমে এক মধ্যবিত্ত তামিল পরিবারে। My father, Jainulabdeen, had neither much formal education nor much wealth; আমার পিতা জইনুলাব্দিনের না ছিল তেমন প্রথাগত শিক্ষা না ছিল তেমন সম্পত্তি ; . despite these disadvantages, he possessed great innate wisdom and a true generosity of spirit. এই অসুবিধাগুলো থাকা সত্ত্বেও, তাঁর ছিল মহান সহজাত প্রজ্ঞা ও অন্তরের এক অকপট বদান্যতা ।

He had an ideal helpmate in my mother, Ashiamma. তিনি এক আদর্শ জীবন সঙ্গিনীকে পেয়েছিলেন আমার মা, আশিয়াম্মার মধ্যে । I do not recall the exact number of people she fed every day,আমার মনে পড়ে না ঠিক কতজন লোককে তিনি প্রতিদিন খাওয়াতেন, . but I am quite certain that far more outsiders ate with us than all the members of our own family put together. কিন্তু আমি বেশ নিশ্চিত যে আমাদের নিজস্ব পরিবারের সমস্ত সদস্যকে মিলিত করলে যতজন হত, তারচেয়ে অনেক বেশি বহিরাগত আমাদের সঙ্গে খেতেন।

Short Question and Answer

1. Who was APJ Abdul Kalam?
Ans: Apj Abdul Kalam was 11th president of India and a renowned scientist and writer of the autobiographical fiction "Strong Roots".
2. "I was born into a middle class Tamil family"- Who is referred to here as "I" ?
When and where was he born?
Ans: "I was born into a middle class Tamil family"- here the word "I" is referred to APJ ABdul Kalam.
He was born in the island town of Rameswaram in 1931
3. Who were Kalam's parent?
Ans: Jainulabdeen was Kalam's father and Ashiamma was his mother

M.C.Q of the Prose

1. What is the full name of APJ Abdul Kalam-
a) Abdu Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
b)Abdul Pakir Jamiruddin Abdul Kalam
c) Abul Pakir Jainul Abdin Abul Kalam
d)Ahmed Pakir Jainul Abul Kalam
2. Abdul Kalam was born in-
a)1929
b)1930
c)1931
d)1932
3. Kalam was born in-
a)Rameswaram
b)Pune
c)Kolkata
d)Mussoorie
4. "Strong Roots" is a/an-
a)biography
b)autobiography
c)short story
d)travelogue.

Long Question And Answer

1. How did Kalam's father's attitude to adversity influence the young Kalam?
Ans:
2. What kind of a childhood did A.P.J Abdul Kalam have?
Ans:

Textual Grammar

1. He possessed great innate wisdom and a true generousity of spirit. (Voice Change)
Ans: great innate wisdom and a true generousity of spirit were possessed by him.
2. I do not recall the exact number of people she fed every day.(Voice Change)
Ans:the exact number of people she fed every day is not recalled by me.
3. Jainulabdeen said to kalam,"When you pray, you transcend your body and become a part of the cosmos, which knows no division of wealth,age,caste or creed." (Narration Change)
Ans:Jainulabdeen informed kalam that he transcend his body and becomes a part of the cosmos during prayer,which knows no division of wealth,age, caste or creed.

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