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What is agreement of verb?

The verb, like the personal pronouns, has three Persons- the First, the Second and the Third. The verb in a sentence agrees with its subject in Person. The verb, again like the noun and the pronoun, has two numbers – the Singular and the Plural. The verb thus agrees with the subject in Number. Hence we may frame some rules in case of the agreement of verb with its subject regarding person and number.

Kinds of verb agreemet

The example of agreement of verb is following-


1. The verb must be of the same number and person as its subject. If the subject is of singular number, first person, the verb must be of the singular number, first person.
Example :
1. I am here.
2. I play cricket.
3. I have a bat.
2. If the subject is of the singular number, third person, the verb must be of singular number, third person.
Example :
1. He is here.
2. He plays cricket.
3. He has a bat.
3. If the subject is of plural number, third person, the verb must be of plural number, third person.
Example :
1. They are here.
2. They play cricket.
3. They have bats.
4. Often the verb is made to agree in number with a noun near it instead of with its proper subject. This should be avoided.
Example :
1. The quality of lemons was not good.
5. Two or more singular nouns or pronouns joined by and require a plural verb.
Gold and silver are precious metal.
If the nouns suggest one idea to the mind, or refer to the same person or thing, the verb is singular.
Example : Time and tide waits for none.
6. Words joined to a singular subject by with, as well as, etc., are parenthetical. The verb should therefore be put in the singular.
Example : The Mayor, with his councilors, is to be present.
7. Two or more singular subjects connected by or or nor require a singular verb.
Example : Our happiness or our sorrow is largely due to our own actions.
8. When the subjects joined by or or nor are of different persons, the verb agrees with the nearer.
Example : Either he or I am mistaken.
But it is better to avoid these types of constructions and write :
Ex : He is mistaken or else I am.

9. Either, neither, each, everyone, many a, must be followed by a singular verb.
Example :
1. Neither of the two men was very strong.
2. Everyone of the boys loves to ride.
3. Many a man does not know his good deeds.
10. When the plural noun is a proper name of some object or denotes some specific quantity or amount considered as a whole, the verb is generally singular.
Example :
1. The Arabian Nights is still a great favourite.
2. Fifteen minutes is allowed to each speaker.